How To Become A Primary School Teacher

This article is about a teaching career that has a significant impact on learners, intellectually, morally as well as in their future lives. If you have patience, and creativity, and are passionate about teaching, this could be your ideal choice of career. This guide offers step-by-step instructions on how to become a primary school teacher including important topics such as types of teachers, eligibility criteria, courses and entrance exams among others.

Why Choose Teaching as a Career?

Rewarding Experience: There is no better satisfaction than the joy of enabling the learning process and seeing learners develop intellectually.

Influence on Future Generations: Teachers can mould students’ lives positively thereby shaping their destiny.

Enjoyable Vacations: During summer holidays especially teachers enjoy longer time off from work.

Variety and Creativity: The classroom environment presents daily challenges that are distinct for each day allowing teachers to engage in creative activities.

Opportunity to Continuously Learn: Teachers always grow with their students; therefore they update on changes in knowledge and skills.

School Teacher

Types of Teacher

Those who teach at different levels are subjects for classification. Let’s discuss various teachers:

Pre-Primary School Teacher

These teachers handle kids of ages three to five, concentrating on basic abilities such as reading, writing and arithmetics. Besides this, they also contribute largely to the social and cognitive development of young learners.

Primary School Teacher

Primary school teachers cater for children aged between 6 to 12 years old, usually in grades one through five. They strike a balance between academic work and life skills nurturing.

Secondary School Teacher

They instruct students from grades six to ten. They specialize in one subject area and play a great role in broadening the knowledge of students towards higher education.

Senior Secondary School Teacher

Postgraduate professionals who guide pupils in specialized courses from grade eleven to twelve. More often than not, they act as mentors helping students make career choices.

Special Educator

Special educators are trained to instruct and support students with disabilities, such as learning challenges and autism.


College-level tutors specialize in particular subjects. Most of them undertake a lot of research work thereby contributing to the knowledge base mostly on academic pursuits.

Eligibility Requirements for Becoming a Teacher

There are certain qualifications one must meet when pursuing a career in teaching. These requirements vary depending on the grade level and subject area you want to teach.

Meanwhile, a Bachelor of Education (B.Ed.) is usually the required minimum qualification for primary and secondary school teachers in most countries across the world.

On the other hand, post-secondary institutions often require either a master’s degree or Ph. D.’s in specific disciplines.

Courses for Becoming a Teacher

Various courses can be taken to become a teacher including:

Bachelor of Education (B.Ed.)

B.Ed. is a professional degree that qualifies you to teach in schools. Usually, admission into the programme requires a Bachelors’ degree and it emphasizes on various teaching techniques and pedagogical theories.

Integrated B.A. B.Ed. or B.Sc. B.Ed.

Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science degree with a Bachelor of Education in four years are referred to as integrated programs. Thus, they provide continuity between undergraduate level and professional education studies. if you completed your degree in subject science then your chances of becoming a science teacher in primary school have increased.

Diploma in Elementary Education (D.El.Ed.)

This training course, which lasts for two years, prepares one for teaching at the primary school level through learning effective teaching methods and understanding child growth principles.

Master of Education (M.Ed.)

M.Ed., on the other hand, is a graduate program for individuals who would like to specialize more deeply in this field. It suits those aspiring to become principals, curriculum developers or university instructors.

M.A. Education

M.A. in Education provides comprehensive information about different educational aspects. Students interested in educational research, policy making or administration can enroll for this course.

Entrance Examinations to Become a Teacher

In many countries, students have to pass certain entrance examinations before they can proceed as teachers; some of them are:


The TET is used to judge the knowledge, understanding and aptitude of teacher candidates aspiring to teach at the primary and upper primary levels. Usually, this exam is held by both central as well as state education boards of a country.


The CTET is an all-India examination conducted to establish the eligibility of applicants for appointment as teachers in Central Government schools.


The state TET is administered by different state education boards for recruitment of teachers in state government schools


NET is organized to determine eligibility for college and university level lecturerships and for awarding Junior Research Fellowships.

Steps to Become a Teacher

A teacher is made not born. This is a movie-like scenario where an individual will have a passion of becoming a teacher and hence go through the necessary steps to achieve this goal outlined below:

Personalized Analysis: Perform self-analysis and establish if your character traits as well as aptitudes are in line with what is required by the teaching profession.

Academic Preparation: Acquire the right academic qualifications such as B.Ed or M.Ed.

Certification: Pass all tests for certification of teachers demanded before receiving your professional license.

Real Practice: To get real-life experience, do internships, voluntary activities or go through student teaching programs.

Job Applications: Start applying for teaching positions at schools or other learning institutions that meet your interests and expertise.

Continuing Education

There is a need for teachers to undertake continuing education or professional development so as to maintain their teaching license in most regions. In many instances, this may entail attending workshop seminars and courses touching on current educational trends, teaching methodologies or subject matter knowledge.


Becoming a primary school teacher takes an enormous commitment that requires specific education, certification and a strong love for teaching.

Nevertheless, moulding young minds and making huge differences in the lives of students cannot be measured.

If you have the drive to teach and inspire children, then becoming a teacher might just be the career path you’re wishing for as it can be a fulfilling journey.

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